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Gum Disease: Causes and Three Stages of the Disease.

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Gum Disease: Causes and Three Stages of the Disease

There are three main stages of this disease

According to National Health Service UK (NHS UK), gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease which usually refers to swollen, sore and infected gums. If it worsens, it affects the bones that wrap and support the teeth and is the main reason why adult teeth fall out. There is no pain in the early stages and this periodontal disease may not be visible to the naked eye. However, when it occurs, it is very uncomfortable and in some severe cases, cannot be treated.

There are three main stages of this disease from mild to severe, including: gingivitis, periodontitis and severe periodontitis. Each has different symptoms and requires different forms of treatment.

Stage 1: Mild Gingivitis

There is a mild inflammation of gum tissues. Symptoms include redness, gum bleeding and bad breath. If treatment is sought early, there is a very high chance of cure. Together with good oral hygiene, the chance of recurrence is low and there are no long-term effects. If you find signs of gingivitis, visit a dental clinic for examination and professional cleaning. Maintain the daily oral care by considering using toothpaste, like Darlie Expert Gum Care Sensitivity Relief Toothpaste, and also do regular dental check-ups.

Stage 2: Periodontitis

Periodontitis is a more serious gingival disease. It is a chronic destructive disease that occurs in the gums, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. It is a common and frequently occurring disease. Symptoms include accumulation of calculus, receding gums, tooth pain or looseness. Because the gum tissue has been infected by dental plaque, the gums, oral bones and tissues are affected in the long term. Seek medical attention as soon as possible. Your dentist may also take more invasive treatments, such as scaling, prescribe antibiotics and refer you to a periodontist if needed.

Stage 3: Severe Periodontitis

The periodontal disease has progressed to a severe stage and infects the tissues and bones. Severe periodontitis causes the teeth to become loose, fall out or shift; causes bad breath, pain in the jaw and mouth affecting biting and the ability to eat. This condition permanently damages the gums and bone tissue and requires dental surgery. Discuss with your dentist the most appropriate treatment for this condition.